Pencil Grasp Activities with Fine Motor Play

Pencil grasp activities for kids

Helping kids with pencil grasp can be a complicated matter. Kids can hold the pencil too tightly or with an immature grasp no matter how many pencil grips you try. But, there is hope. These pencil grasp activities are fun ways to improve pencil grasp with fine motor play. By using play activities to help kids build a better pencil grasp, kids develop a grasp that is strong and dexterous in ways that carryover to holding a pencil. Try these tripod grasp activities to help kids with pencil grasp development. This is something that therapists want parents to know about pencil grasp development…that a functional pencil grasp might not look like a traditional tripod grasp…and that there are fun ways to work on grasp development!

Pencil grasp activities for kids

I love to share easy tricks to work on things like fine motor skills. Working on pencil grasp and the fine motor skills needed for handwriting are two of my favorite ways to build functional skills as an Occupational Therapist.  This blog post is a round up of some of the best pencil grasp activities and ways to develop a more functional pencil grasp through fine motor play activities.  I’ve updated this resource to include more recent pencil grip occupational therapy ideas and grasp activities that I’ve shared. 

A functional pencil grasp might not “look like” the traditional tripod grasp.

Pencil grip activities kids will love for playing while working on pencil grasp perfect for occupational therapy activities.

Improve Pencil Grasp with Fine Motor Play Ideas

First, if you’ve go questions about pencil grasp, check out this resource on building fine motor skills through play.  You will find TONS of info about the fine motor “parts” of a functional grasp.  

Try these awesome activities to improve pencil grasp through play and fine motor development.

Fine Motor Play Activities to Improve Pencil Grasp

We love incorporating fine motor activities into our play.  These posts are some of our favorites from the past year, and as a bonus, will help with the development of the small muscles of the hands.  An efficient grip on the pencil uses a tripod grasp (thumb, index, and middle fingers) with an open space between the thumb and index finger.    This grasp on the pencil allows kids to better form letters correctly and in a given small space using the fingers to make the pencil movements, vs. using the wrist or whole arm.  If your child is struggling with their handwriting, look first at their grasp on the pencil and go from there.  Try one of these activities for improved muscle strength and pencil control.  

If you are interested in improving pencil grasp, and wondering about all of the fine motor skills that impact a functional pencil grasp, you will definitely want to join the pencil grasp challenge. This free 5 day email series explains everything you want to know about pencil grasp activities that have a powerful impact. Click here to join the Pencil Grasp Challenge. 

Pencil activities to help kids write with a functional grasp
Fine motor play idea that promotes pencil grasp with beads and play dough
Strengthening activities for fine motor skills like handwriting activities
Fine motor play activity using tweezers made from craft sticks
Use play dough and this free play dough mat to work on intrinsic muscle strength in the hands.

Pencil Grasp Exercises with Play Dough is fun with these mini fluted flower beads.  They build a flexed thumb IP joint which is needed for an efficient pencil grasp. 

Hand Strengthening Exercises are fun with tongs! They are an easy tool to  build so many handwriting skills.

These Craft Stick Tweezers build muscle strength, an open web space, and tripod grasp.

 Play Dough Strengthening Mat works on building the intrinsic muscle strength of the hands.

creative ways to build and work on a functional pencil grasp
Improve pencil grasp through fine motor play with blocks.
Use coins to work on fine motor skills like in-hand manipulation
Work on fine motor skills with paperclips to improve thumb opposition.
Mini Circles Pencil Control Exercises

Fine Motor Development with Blocks is a great way to build many skills needed in handwriting.

In Hand Manipulation with Coins can help build skills needed for pencil grasp like manipulating the pencil during letter formation.

Thumb Opposition is an important skill needed for an open thumb web space and functional and efficient grasp on the pencil.

Mini Circles Pencil Control Exercises help with building small motor movements and tripod grasp through improved intrinsic muscle strength.

Help kids with fine motor skills using small balls of play dough.
Use clay to work on fine motor skills
Improve hand dominance using fine motor activities.

Finger Isolation with Play Dough helps with minute movements of the hands and individual finger movements in managing the pencil. 

Clay Exercises can help strengthen the muscles of the hand for increased endurance of pencil grasp.

Motoric Separation of the Hand is essential for managing the pencil while utilizing the ulnar, stability side of the hand.

pencil grip occupational therapy ideas for fine motor skills and pencil grasp
Kids can work on fine motor skills by playing with masking tape on a table surface.
Work on fine motor skills by playing with waterbeads
Fine motor play using tissue paper
Make DIY lacing cards to help kids with fine motor skills.

Fine Motor Play with Tissue Paper is a great way to build intrinsic muscle strength. Strength in the intrinsic muscles ensure a functional tripod grasp.   In-Hand Manipulation: Two Activities In hand manipulation is necessary during pencil grasp to manipulate and advance the pencil while writing, as well as making adjustments with the pencil while erasing.   Fine Motor Table-Top Play addresses intrinsic muscle strengthening.   DIY Lacing Cards improves bilateral coordination, needed for holding the paper while writing.  

Use pipe cleaners to work on fine motor skills.
Use clothespins to work on hand strength.
Make your own pencil control worksheets.

Pipe Cleaner Fun builds tripod grasp for use with handwriting.   Fine Motor Strengthening Color Match works on increasing the intrinsic muscle strength of the hands.   Pencil Control Worksheets You Can Make at Home These worksheets build pencil control, line awareness, and spatial awareness during handwriting.  

Use dry pasta to work on fine motor dexterity
Play with coins to improve fine motor dexterity.
Tracing letters with sidewalk chalk improves hand strength.

Learning With Dyed Pasta provides a fun activity for building eye hand coordination.   Manipulating Coins for Fine Motor Development is a great way to work on in-hand manipulation needed for manipulating the pencil during handwriting.   Rainbow Writing provides a resistive writing surface, providing proprioceptive feedback and a way to work on motor planning in letter formation, as well as tripod grasp on the pencil.    

Use Wikki Stix to build hand strenth
Use pipe cleaners and a plastic bottle to work on tripod grasp.

Tripod Grasp with Wikki Stix Pushing the wikki stix into the container works on tripod grasp and intrinsic muscle strength, as well as bilateral coordination.   Using Pipe Cleaners in Fine Motor Play also improves intrinsic muscle strength and bilateral coordination with a brightly colored stick.  Using the plastic bottle provides great auditory feedback.  

Creative ways to work on pencil grasp

Pencil grasp Activities

Here are more ways to work on pencil grasp using fun activities:

Pegboards
Tweezer activities

Clothes pin games

Lacing beads
Play Dough (Here’s a GREAT play dough recipe using old crayons.) 

Pop bubble wrap

Play with play dough or silly putty

Use spray bottles to water plants

Play hand games like “where is thumbkin”

Color with very small pieces of broken crayons
Draw or doodle with a small pencil

Crumble paper

Playing cards

Sign language

Shadow puppets

Creative ways to work on pencil grasp
Teaching pencil grasp? Use these fun fine motor activities to improve pencil grasp through play.

Colleen Beck, OTR/L is an occupational therapist with 20 years experience, graduating from the University of Pittsburgh in 2000. Colleen created The OT Toolbox to inspire therapists, teachers, and parents with easy and fun tools to help children thrive. As the creator, author, and owner of the website and its social media channels, Colleen strives to empower those serving kids of all levels and needs. Want to collaborate? Send an email to contact@theottoolbox.com.