The Kinesthetic Sense is needed for almost every task. Read on for more information on kinesthetic learning, exactly what is kinesthesia, how the kinesthetic sense plays a part in fine motor skills, and kinesthetic fine motor activities that can help with motor planning and learning through play.
What is Kinesthetic Learning?
us understand how to move our bodies.
The praxic system is also known as the kinesthetic system. The kinesthetic system essentially “puts it all
together” when it comes to motor responses to sensory information that has been
perceived by the other senses.
All of this processing movements and knowing how to move the body within an action make up kinesthetic learning.
Kinesthetic learners need to move their bodies, manipulate materials, and really interact with learning materials. These children tend to fidget, wiggle, slouch, or get up out of their seats when in the classroom setting. This site has a lot of great information on kinesthetic learning.
Adding movement opportunities involving multiple senses into learning opportunities benefit the kinesthetic learner.
Kinesthetic learning has also been called three dimensional learning.
Kinesthetic learning occurs during learning experiences where a student feels, touches, hears, moves, and overall “experiences” in learning.
Kinesthetic Learning and Motor Planning in Activities
are performed again and again. This is true for the motion needed to open and
close scissors while using both hands in a coordinated manner.
is necessary for formation of letters and numbers (Consider being able to jot
down notes very quickly or writing a quick fill-in-the-blank word when looking
up at a Smartboard.) Motor planning allows us to manage clothing fasteners
without looking. This is the “muscle memory” that allows movements to be performed in a
smooth and coordinated manner.
Proprioception and the kinesthetic sense
proprioception. The ability for muscles and joints to manage weight and
position in space are necessary for movements to occur with appropriate force
position in space with an internal feedback system using the position in space
of the joints, tendons, and muscles.
This sensory system allows the body to automatically react to changes in
force and pressure given body movements and object manipulation. The body receives more feedback from active
muscles rather than passive muscle use.
motor tasks given feedback from the proprioceptive system. Praxis allows us to
utilize sensory input from the senses and to coordinate hat information to move
Kinesthetic Learning Fine Motor Activities
upper and lower body movements they are utilizing gross motor kinesthetic
When a child manages buttons on their pajamas without looking and
with a coordinated manner, they are utilizing fine motor kinesthesia (among other skills! This is an overgeneralization.)
Kinesthetic Fine Motor Activity
motor actions. These activities can be used to help develop muscle memory,
motor planning, and the ability to recognize and respond to various levels of
weight and kinesthetic input.
weighted bean bags in various weights.
see-through plastic baggies. Different styles of DIY bean bags can be used to
provide more a more lasting bean bag.
rice. When the rice is completely dry, fill varying amounts into plastic bags.
(Cloth pockets can be used and then sewn up for a more lasting version.)
develop kinesthetic fine motor skills.
child’s hand to address arch development and closure of the hands.
with the other supinated hand. Trial this activity in various positions and
distances. Then, switch hands so the non-dominant hand is dropping the bean bag
and the dominant hand catches the bean bag.
the various positions and distances.
lighter weight objects.
Be sure to limit throwing of these bean bags, unless you enjoy sweeping up lots of dyed rice!
including marbles, small balls, stress balls, etc.