Today, I have a resource for understanding and implementing evidence based practice in occupational therapy. Therapy professionals know that utilizing evidence-based practice utilizes critically appraised research and combines those results with clinical expertise and a patient or client’s needs or preferences to create best practices, informed clinical decisions, and research-driven interventions.
Evidence-based practice (EVP) is essential for up-to-date information for making care decisions.
evidence based practice in occupational therapy
These worksheets are a tool for applying critical appraisal of the importance and applicability of clinical evidence.
These two worksheets aim to guide and develop evidence-based Occupational Therapy assessment, treatment planning, and interventions through appraisal and review of the evidence, allowing self-directed promotion of the highest standards.
Using the Appraisal of the Evidence worksheet and the Evidence Review worksheet, clinicians will be able to apply a critical analysis of available research. The worksheets empower practitioners to apply the findings into the context of practice. By incorporating thoughts and notes into the analysis, clinicians can add the perspectives and judgment that is imperative for true evidence-based practice.
Why is this analysis and review of the evidence important for therapy professionals?
Using evidence based practice in therapy is important for so many reasons!
- Integrating evidence into therapy interventions for most-recent and appropriate strategies
- Research-backed treatment plans
- Advocacy for the profession
- Improves quality of care
- Allows clinicians to stay current in the profession
- Improved quality of therapy
- Improves outcomes
- Promotes best practices using standardized, evidence-based protocols
- Informed decision making
- Effective selection of treatment
- Guide research by revealing evidence gaps
- Improves accountability of clinicians
- Development of individualized guidelines of best practices
- Opens the door for dialogue between patients and providers, incorporating patient preferences and values into decision-making
How to review Evidence for therapy
Understanding how to review evidence to incorporate evidence-based practice into therapy sessions and therapy interventions is important for many reasons that we covered above. But HOW do you review evidence and use those findings in therapy interventions?
As a general overview, there is a process of incorporating research-backed therapy into practice. Appraising evidence involves asking, searching for evidence, appraising the evidence findings, and a final but important piece: implementing evidence into practice.
- Ask questions- Beginning with a question or problem, a therapist should ask a question. This question may be related to assessment, prognosis, intervention, treatment planning, or other areas.
- Search for the evidence- Use a variety of tools and research sources to locate evidence.
- Appraise the evidence- This is where the Appraisal of the Evidence Worksheet comes into play. Review and assess the evidence for validity, outcomes, services, and other areas.
- Implement the evidence into practice. Utilize the information gathered to apply the evidence into daily practice, alongside experience and clinical expertise. Utilizing these areas as well as a patient’s values, preferences, and interests, it is possible to guide treatment.
- Follow-up- Finally, an assessment of the outcomes can guide and promote further clinical expertise based on evidence.
Evidence-Based Practice Worksheets
To help therapy professionals with the steps outlined above, I’ve created evidence based practice appraisal worksheets. The worksheets described below are tools for guiding clinical best practices using the evidence. They are strategies for fostering a dialogue toward best practice while supporting new learning.
Facilitating professional growth, the evidence-based worksheets are guides to reflecting on evidence and incorporating EBP into the clinic.
Evidence Review Worksheet
This review worksheet can be used by clinicians as they reflect on the evidence and apply it to a specific client’s needs, preferences, interests, values, and goals. The worksheet promotes a quality of intervention related to evidence and is a tool for improving services. It can be used as a pre-post assessment related to expectations and outcomes based on evidence. The review worksheet can be a helpful resource in guiding standards toward best outcomes.
Together, these worksheets are a valuable tool in transitioning therapists toward quality intervention based on the evidence.
The Worksheets described above are FREE for therapy professionals to access and use in understanding the evidence out there.
This one page worksheet can be used to appraise research articles. The questions guide conversation on an article’s validity and relevance in practice. Areas for notes allow for self-reflection on the evidence related to outcomes, particular client needs, services, and decision-making.
References for evidence based practice in occupational therapy:
- George Tomlin, Bernhard Borgetto; Research Pyramid: A New Evidence-Based Practice Model for Occupational Therapy. Am J Occup Ther 2011;65(2):189-196. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2011.000828.
Want to use evidence-based resources and information in your therapy practice, but don’t know how to keep it all organized?
Need to break down all of the information into key take-aways to offer key-takeaways AND